STA Weekly Report – The Importance of Patience in Today’s Market
Written by Luke Patterson | Friday, June 5th, 2020
INSIDE THIS EDITION: The Importance of Patience in Today’s Market Weekly Global Asset Class Performance Coronavirus / COVID-19 Resource Center
There are several things in the current environment that give us pause despite some of the good news that we are seeing in the data. For one, we believe that the continued trek higher for indices like the NASDAQ, which just made a new all-time-high, have been fueled by a fear of missing out. This is something we first posited a week ago as we observed that as prices for risk-assets moved higher, investors appeared to be panic buying.
A perfect example of this can be seen in the fixed income market believe it or not. In that corner of the investment universe, we are seeing investors buy up increasingly risky securities in response to central bank stimulus. In fact, US junk bonds have gained more than 20% since the March 23rd market bottom as money has flowed into high yield debt.
Animal spirits and fear of missing out, should not be ignored and rather could still serve as a warning for investors should they emerge even stronger following this Friday’s surprise reversal in unemployment numbers. It is this dynamic that would lead us to become more patient when it comes to deploying incremental capital into stocks.
Patience in deploying capital is important because the upside and downside risks are somewhat equal at this stage of the market cycle. Even with the surprise jobs number, and run-up to close this week, it is prudent to deploy incremental capital to equities selectively or on a pullback as this is likely to offer better valuations and better expected future returns.
While getting a gauge of appropriate valuation levels currently is challenging due to the uncertain path forward for the economy and earnings, some data points suggest that stocks are potentially expensive. Of course, there are several examples, but for instance the MSCI All Country World Index estimated P/E ratio shows that the index currently sits at its highest estimated P/E ratio since the early 2000’s. Investors know how that turned out, and as is customary when valuations are elevated, forward returns tend to be lower than when valuations are low. While we are not prognosticating that the market will do exactly what happened in early 2000, we are saying that investors should prefer buying stocks when they are inexpensive.
Similarly, most investors like to buy stocks when we understand the risks present, and further, when those risks are fully priced in. Along those lines, there are several things today that could be potential catalysts for a pause in the recent rally. While it is unknown whether any of these will be a catalyst for increased volatility or a drawdown, they must be factored into decision-making.
First, high frequency data may begin to show a deceleration in improvement. This is particularly true as new COVID-19 cases have risen in several states over the last week or so.
In fact, first signs of some bumpiness in the data may be showing through as the NY Federal Reserve Weekly Economic Index has ticked lower this week. However, it remains to be seen whether the high frequency data further turns lower over the coming weeks as a sign that it is COVID-19-related or whether it is the one-time effect of recent protests and rallies across the country that have in some necessitated the reclosure of some retail and non-retail business in major US cities. If it is in fact, a one-time dip in the data, investors might be less concerned. However, if in the coming weeks we see this index not resume its upward march, it could produce some investor concern and increased downside volatility as investors adjust their expectations.
Before going further, it should be said that the protests and riots we have seen over the last week are unlikely to change the intermediate- and long-term fundamentals for the US economy. Instead, there is a high likelihood it will all be brought under control and businesses that have had to shut their doors again to protect their employees and property will re-open. If this occurs, the impact to the US economy should be both small and short-lived.
Another risk stems from corporate earnings and the impact that COVID-19 may have on earnings for the balance of 2020. There is a chance that earnings estimates are not fully reflecting the economic realities of the post-pandemic world. Investors have seemingly taken a very long-term view and have chosen to ignore the short- to intermediate-term earnings challenges that may lie ahead.
For some context, the S&P 500 has seen a 28% decline in earnings over the first 5 months of the year, a fact that investors have simply chosen to look past. It is difficult to believe that an earnings decline of this magnitude will reverse quickly and sets the stage for investors to find a fair share of disillusionment when earnings are released over the coming quarters.
That said, this data must be balanced by the acknowledgement that some sectors have been disproportionately hurt by the shutdowns and their earnings going forward may begin to show more substantial dispersion, with some sectors faring better than expected while others fair substantially worse than expected. The takeaway is that investors must not paint the earnings picture with a broad brush. Instead, investors must have a keen understanding of the underlying sector dynamics at play. In fact, it is this understanding that can help investors avoid the traps created by overly optimistic earnings expectations going forward that might lead to more wide-spread volatility.
In today’s market, earnings disappointments from sectors like information technology, health care, and consumer discretionary that have led the recovery off the March 23rd bottom could be especially dangerous.
Third, investors should closely watch the risks associated with trade policy. Currently there is a ratcheting-up of tensions between the US and China with the announcement just days ago that the United States would ban Chinese airlines from flying into the US. From a risk perspective, investors must take note as it could certainly be a signal that more economically dangerous trade spats may lie ahead. Any unforeseen development on the trade front could certainly be catalysts for market volatility.
As we made the case at the beginning of this week’s report however, upside and downside risks are currently balanced. So you may be wondering what the bull case looks like to balance out these, and other potential risks we face. And truthfully, it won’t take long to make the bull case – It’s the Fed. In our opinion, there is no bigger risk-balancing mechanism in the markets today than central bank stimulus.
Herein lies the challenge for investors today.
While there are a lot of reasons to be cautious in today’s market, the liquidity provided by central banks might be enough to tilt the scales and overwhelm the risks. Especially when investors consider a measure like S&P 500 market cap relative to M2 money supply as shown in the chart below. By this measure, there is certainly a case to be made that with all the liquidity in the market from the Federal Reserve, the S&P 500 might continue moving higher.
However, it is impossible to truly know what the limitations of this liquidity are.
When it is difficult to determine whether the odds are truly in our favor like is the case today, investors should consider erring on the side of caution. Doing so should leave investors well-positioned to capture a meaningful amount of upside should markets continue higher while not taking undue risks.
Weekly Global Asset Class Performance
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